Autogenous breast reconstruction for total mastectomies: a narrative review

Romain Laurent, Alexandru Trifan, et al.
Autogenous breast reconstruction for total mastectomies: a narrative review

Background and Objective: Mastectomies have a significant socio-psychological impact, motivating patients to undergo breast reconstruction. Initially, silicone implants were used to reconstruct the breast. However, breast implants have been the subject of successive crises throughout the years. Indeed, rupture, silicone bleeding, and capsular contracture remain topical. In 2019, the BIOCELL textured breast implants was banned and recalled due to the discovery of the breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL). More recently, the breast implant illness has been depicted in the media. To cope with these issues and to respond to some patients’ expectations for a natural reconstruction, plastic surgeons have developed autogenous solutions for breast reconstruction. Since Taylor’s research on angiosomes, the development of the microsurgery and more recently fat grafting, autogenous breast reconstruction has known a tremendous expansion. Autologous breast reconstruction allows a more natural feeling and texture. This narrative review aims to provide to the readers a comprehensive and updated evidence-based overview of state of the art about autologous breast reconstruction after total mastectomy.

Methods: We conducted a narrative review of the literature searching for papers published between January 2010 and December 2022. The MeSH terms with different combinations were used to identify articles for inclusion. After screening article titles and abstracts independently by three authors, 66 papers were included in this review.

Key Content and Findings: In this review, the authors describe and discuss the different autogenous techniques in breast reconstruction.

Conclusions: Autologous reconstructions provide very satisfactory, durable, and reliable results with relatively low complication rates. Deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps, latissimus dorsi flaps and autologous fat grafting are the most common type of autogenous breast reconstructions.

Find the full article here: Autogenous breast reconstruction for total mastectomies: a narrative review

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