Case Report: Surgical Reconstruction of a Massive Thoracic Wall Defect After the Resection of an Undifferentiated Radiation-Induced Sarcoma of the Breast
Marco Rastrelli, Claudia Di Prata, Roberto Marconato, Paolo Del Fiore, Elisa Granziera, Antonella Brunello, Vincenzo Vindigni, Andrea Zuin, Marta Sbaraglia, Saveria Tropea, Simone Mocellin
A 54-year-old lady was referred to our institute because of a massive thoracic neoplasm arising from the thoracic wall which infiltrated and dislocated the left breast. Twenty years before, the patient had undergone a quadrantectomy with axillary dissection for an infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the left breast, followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy. A true-cut biopsy of the mass showed a low differentiated malignant neoplasm with spindle-shaped cells. The patient underwent a total-body CT scan which showed a 16 × 15 × 10 cm largely necrotic mass with irregular and undefined margins, with little homolateral round-shaped cervical and mesenteric lymph nodes but no distant metastases. After a multidisciplinary discussion, we proposed surgery as the first therapeutic option. The planned treatment was a wide excision of the mass with the underlying ribs (II-VI) followed by the reconstruction of the thoracic wall using titanium bars covered by the acellular porcine dermis, latissimus dorsi flap, and finally, skin grafts from the thighs.
Read full article here: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34859042/