This study aims to examine whether diabetes has an impact on the use of surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy in treating women with localised breast cancer.
Women diagnosed with stage I-III breast cancer between 2005 and 2020 were identified from Te Rēhita Mate Ūtaetae-Breast Cancer Foundation New Zealand National Register, with diabetes status determined using New Zealand's Virtual Diabetes Register. The cancer treatments examined included breast conserving surgery (BCS), mastectomy, breast reconstruction after mastectomy, and adjuvant radiotherapy after BCS. Logistic regression modelling was used to estimate the adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of having cancer treatment and treatment delay (> 31 days) for patients with diabetes at the time of cancer diagnosis compared to patients without diabetes.
Diabetes is associated with a lower likelihood of receiving surgery and a greater delay to surgery. Women with diabetes are also less likely to have breast reconstruction after mastectomy. These differences need to be taken in to account when considering factors that may impact on the outcomes of women with diabetes especially for Māori, Pacific and Asian women.
Read the full study here: Impact of diabetes on surgery and radiotherapy for breast cancer - PubMed (nih.gov)