Breast Implant Associated-Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a distinctive type of T-cell lymphoma arising around breast implants. The authors performed a review of the existing literature with the aim of providing an evidence-based overview of the available data on BIA-ALCL with a standardized evaluation of the quality of the studies and investigating the potential association between textured breast implants and BIA-ALCL.
The authors analyzed the literature reporting estimates of relative or absolute risks of BIA-ALCL in case-control, cohort studies and case series studies. The total number of BIA-ALCL cases reported in literature is very low. Furthermore, most of the reported cases have been reported in case-control studies or case series.
This means that their knowledge is based on a low level of evidence. Moreover, low-medium quality scores were observed in the included case series studies. In relation to the rarity of the event, better information could only derived by international cooperation to pool together data deriving from all over the world, with the clear need of better reporting patients and implant characteristics in case series and when adding data to public registries.
Read the full article here: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00266-021-02260-0