Oncologic safety of autologous fat grafting in primary breast reconstruction after mastectomy for cancer

Anne-Sophie Navarro, Donia Omalek, et al.
 Oncologic safety of autologous fat grafting in primary breast reconstruction after mastectomy for cancer
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Abstract

Introduction: Autologous fat transfer (AFT) is widely used to improve results of breast reconstructive surgery, but its safety is controversial. Our objective was to evaluate the oncologic safety of AFT in a homogeneous population of patients who underwent a total mastectomy with immediate reconstruction for breast cancer.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study by identifying all patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer from 2007 to 2015 in our center. A patient group with AFT performed in the 24 months after mastectomy was compared to a control group.

Results: Five hundred fifty cases were included, of whom 136 (24.7%) underwent at least one fat graft transfer. Median age was 51 years. Reconstruction was performed in 465 (84.5%) with an implant reconstruction. The median time from mastectomy to AFT was 13.8 months. The median follow up was 55.2 months. A total of 53 events were observed, including 10 (7.4%) in the AFT group and 43 (10.4%) in the control group. There was no difference in 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) between the groups. In the subgroup analysis, only lymph node involvement in patients who underwent AFT in the first 24 months after oncologic surgery appeared as a risk factor of recurrence. Among the 104 patients with lymph node involvement, 5-year RFS was 69.2% in patients with lipofilling vs 92.5% in patients without it (p = 0 0.0351).

Conclusion: Performing early lipofilling in primary breast reconstruction after mastectomy for cancer seems to be oncologically safe. Lymph node involvement increases the risk of recurrence in this population.

Find the article here: Oncologic safety of autologous fat grafting in primary breast reconstruction after mastectomy for cancer

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