Prospective evaluation of complications and associated risk factors in breast cancer surgery

Linda Adwall, Hella Hultin, Maria Mani et al.
Prospective evaluation of complications and associated risk factors in breast cancer surgery
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Background

Surgical site infection (SSI) is a well-known complication after breast cancer surgery. The primary aim was to assess risk factors for SSI. Risk factors for other wound complications were also studied.

Materials and methods

In this prospectively registered cohort study, patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS) or mastectomy between May 2017 and May 2019 were included. Data included patient and treatment characteristics, infection, and wound complication rates. Risk factors for SSI and wound complications were analyzed with simple and multiple logistic regression.

Conclusion

The only significant risk factor for SSI on multivariable analysis were BMI 25-30 and BMI > 30. Significant risk factors for "any wound complication" on multivariable analysis were "mastectomy with/without reconstruction" as well as "BMI 25-30" and "BMI > 30".

Read the full article here: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36568639/  

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