Stability of Long-Term Outcomes in Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction: An Evaluation of 12-Year Surgeon- and Patient-Reported Outcomes in 3489 Nonirradiated and Irradiated Implants

Akhil K Seth, Peter G Cordeiro - published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, September 2019

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Outcomes following prosthetic breast reconstruction have been well studied. However, the majority of studies are limited by short-term follow-up and a lack of aesthetic and patient-reported outcomes. This study objectively examines long-term surgeon- and patient-reported outcomes following two-stage prosthetic breast reconstruction.

Consecutive patients undergoing two-stage prosthetic breast reconstruction from 1994 to 2016 performed by the senior author (P.G.C.), with at least 1-year follow-up after implant exchange, were reviewed retrospectively. Long-term surgeon-reported outcomes, including aesthetic and capsular contracture scores, and patient-reported outcomes using the BREAST-Q, were recorded at each outpatient visit and analyzed over the 12-year follow-up period.

The authors' study, the largest of its kind, demonstrates that prosthetic breast reconstruction outcomes do not deteriorate over time. This stability is apparent in both long-term surgeon- and patient-reported outcomes data measured in the same patients. These results contradict the surgical dogma surrounding prosthetic breast reconstruction and therefore should be given significant consideration when counseling patients.

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Peter Cordeiro

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon, USA

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