Surgical delay (SD) techniques, performed before the nipple sparing mastectomy (NSM), are procedures conceived to improve the blood supply to the nipple-areola complex (NAC) in order to overcome the ischemic risk. The aim of the study is reporting our experience with SD of the NAC in the setting of NSM, identify the rate of nipple and skin necrosis and other complications and to evaluate patient satisfaction with cosmetic outcome.
Patients and methods
A retrospective review of female patients, who underwent NSM and breast reconstruction between the July 2014 and the July 2019, was performed at the Breast Unit of San Giovanni-Addolorata Hospital in Rome. Eighty-nine NSM after SD procedure were performed in 66 patients. In all cases immediate breast reconstruction was performed with a direct to implant technique and polyurethane implants in prepectoral plan were used in all reconstructions.
We support the thesis that SD techniques may expand indications for NAC sparing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction in women with known risk factors for local complications.
This is the largest single center series on surgical delay of nipple areola complex providing interesting data on follow-up and complication rates and we support the thesis that surgical delay techniques may expand indications for nipple-areola complex sparing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction in women with known risk factors for local complications.