The Problem of Diagnostic Criteria of Breast Implant Illness in Women After Breast Reconstruction: Review and Discussion of a Case

Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Bogusław Antoszewski, et al.
The Problem of Diagnostic Criteria of Breast Implant Illness in Women After Breast Reconstruction: Review and Discussion of a Case
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Abstract

Introduction: There has been a rising trend in the use of silicone breast implants for breast reconstructions after breast cancer treatment, as well as in the aesthetic breast procedures. A cluster of non-specific symptoms related to the presence of silicone implant has been called breast implant illness (BII). However, there are no strict criteria of BII which would specifically define this term. The increasing interest in BII among patients and physicians urges verifying own cases of "on-demand" explantations.

Material and methods: In this paper, we discussed a case of a patient with initial BII diagnosis, after breast reconstruction, and reviewed the literature on the BII symptoms and aetiology. A decision for aesthetic revision, not explantation, was made as the diagnosis of BII was questioned, and somatisation due to dissatisfaction with the aesthetic result of breast reconstruction was diagnosed.

Results: Improving aesthetics by implant exchange and contralateral mastopexy caused a full recovery from patient's symptoms.

Conclusion: Based on our case, we point on the fact that BII diagnosis in patients after breast reconstruction is challenging. We suggest that while considering such a diagnosis and further proceedings, e.g. explantation, especially in patients after breast reconstruction, some exclusion criteria should be considered. Dissatisfaction with the result of the surgery can also lead to somatisation and the presence of real clinical symptoms, which should not be confused with the possible autoimmune reaction to silicone particles.

Read the full article here: The Problem of Diagnostic Criteria of Breast Implant Illness in Women After Breast Reconstruction: Review and Discussion of a Case

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